CBA







CALIFORNIA BLACKSMITH ASSOCIATION

Level II: Apprentice


This certificate is awarded to those who show competence in all the skills required at the basic level. In addition, they will show they can apply those skills in the construction of articles, as well as pass a safety test.

They will begin to learn how to make the tools required for this and the third level, Forging to Dimension. To receive this certificate, the blacksmith will present to their instructor a complete rectangular frame that uses traditional joinery (two L-shaped pieces with one end tenoned and the other punched with an upset square corner between, refer to the Intermediate Grill Drawing).

The frame is to be filled with either two ’S' or ‘C’ type scrolls (with different ends on each scroll) and the scrolls collared together. It is suggested that the student first produce a drawing and practice forging to dimension.

Passing this level demonstrates competence in the Intermediate skills of a blacksmith including:

  • Leafing hammer
  • Transmogrifier
  • Fuller
  • Making a heading plate for bottom tools
  • Cape chisel (maybe needed for heading plate)
  • Hardy tools (Bottom swage) (case hardening)
  • Scrollwork and the scroll form
    • E.G. Ribbon scroll
    • Fish tail (scroll form)
    • Half Penny
    • Beveled Scroll
  • Scrolling work (case hardening)
  • Scrolling Tongs (riveting) (draw out or forge-weld reins)
  • Forge-welding (lap or drop tong weld)
  • Open or fl at jaw tongs (draw out or forge-weld reins)
  • Collars
  • Upset square corner

Completion of these skills is expected to take approximately 50 hours. It is assumed that the Intermediate blacksmith has their own shop and most of the basic tools. Some of the skills (for example, making a heading plate for bottom tools) will be taught at Education Committee Instructor Workshops.


Class Project

Level II: Scroll Examples




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